Female Fertility Facts

Fertility Fact: Many women experiencing difficulty conceiving are Deficient in key Vitamins.

healthy fertility diet factUp to 50 percent of women are not aware that they should be taking a multivitamin supplement with folic acid while trying to conceive. This is to prevent neural-tube defects, such as spina bifida.

B-Vitamins may improve egg quality and Vitamin D has been shown to improve fertility by acting on the uterus and helping with implantation. Ensure you are getting enough of these vitamins on a daily basis to boost your fertility levels.

Fertility Fact: It's harder to become pregnant as you get older.

fertility facts

A woman is born with all of the eggs she is ever going to have and each month thousands of eggs are destined to die. Whenever the egg supply runs out the ovaries cease to make estrogen and menopause starts. There is a well-documented decline in female fertility after the age of 35 due to the decline in the quality of eggs released by the ovaries.

An AMH blood test can tell you the quantity of eggs remaining in your ovaries. The results do not give you an exact number of eggs but the level of AMH in your blood, taken together with your age gives a good indication of your fertility level.


fertility fact

It can take time to get pregnant even if you are young, fit and healthy.

Fertility Fact: Not all periods are the same so you need to figure out what’s normal for you

menstrual cycle factIf you're having abnormal or irregular periods, for example cycles that last more than 35 days, you may not be ovulating every month. If you do not ovulate then you cannot get pregnant as there is no egg to be fertilised. If your cycles are longer or shorter than 28 days then you can ovulate earlier or later in your cycle than you might think.

Fertility Fact: Certain Medical Conditions are directly linked with reduced fertility.

fertility and medical conditions

Ovulation problems are often caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) which is the most common cause of female infertility.

Other causes of fertility problems in women include:

  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic Inflamatory Disease
  • Physical problems with the uterus
  • Uterine fibroids

Getting Pregnant

Pregnancy is the result of a process that has many steps. Each step can be broken down into a huge number of smaller steps and there is a complicated science behind each part of the process. Luckily for the vast majority of people they never have to worry about the details but for those experiencing difficulties getting pregnant each step can be analysed in order to identify a solution to the problem.

Fertility facts

Step 1

A woman's body must release a mature egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation).

Step 2

The egg must go through the fallopian tube where it must join with the man’s sperm (fertilization).

Step 3

The fertilized egg must start to divide and grow and travel to the uterus (womb).

Step 4

The fertilized egg must attach to the inside of the uterus (implantation).

When can Problems Occur?  

Problems can occur at any step in this process and some are more difficult to diagnose than others.


Most cases of female infertility are caused by problems with ovulation. If ovulation does not occur then no egg is released so there is no chance of pregnancy in that cycle. Ovulation is controlled by a series of hormones so an imbalance in these can prevent ovulation.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a very common cause of infertility in women. Women with PCOS usually do not ovulate, or may ovulate infrequently. Most women with PCOS will conceive successfully using hormone treatment to trigger ovulation.

Thyroid problems such as overactive or underactive Thyroid can prevent ovulation.


of the fallopian tubes will prevent the egg and sperm meeting thereby preventing fertilisation. Many factors can cause blocked tubes, for example, infection, hydrosalpinx, fibroids, missed miscarriage or previous abdominal surgery. In most cases there are no symptoms of blocked tubes so it must be diagnosed by your fertility doctor.


is a condition characterised by excessive growth of the lining of the uterus. This can cause scaring of the tubes and it may affect the lining of the uterus disrupting implantation.

Uterine abnormalities

such as fibroids, polyps, or abnormalities present from birth can affect implantation or the ability to carry a pregnancy.

Abnormal cervical mucus

(usually due to a hormone imbalance) can prevent sperm from reaching the fallopian tubes.

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